- Morteza Pourreza-Shahri (Ph.D Advisee)
- Buwani Manuweera (Ph.D Advisee)
- Mohammed Anani (M.Sc Advisee)
- Nazmul Kazi (MSU Presidential Emerging Scholar mentee, Undergraduate Scholars Program Mentee)
- Shriyansh Kothari
- Adam Morrone (Liberty University, Research Experience for Undergraduates Mentee, 2017)
- Daniel Dopp (University of Kentucky, Research Experience for Undergraduates Mentee, 2017)
Biocuration Pipeline for RDoC Mental Health CategoriesRDoC mental health categories recently introduced by NIH is the state-of-the-art reserach framweork for studying mental disorders. It provides a holistic way of describing mental disorders by integrating several levels of information from genomics to self-reports. However, there is only a limited amount of publicly available biomedical literature (e.g. PubMed articles) that are tagged with RDoC categories making its accessibility very limited among medical personal. Currently, we are collaborating with National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Montana through MSU’s Center for Mental Health Research and Recovery (CMHRR) for developing an automated tool for predicting RDoC categories for biomedical articles. However, manual annotation of biomedical leiterature with RDoC constructs is highly resource consumening. We are developing novel machine learning and natural language processing methods for categorizing biomedical literature using RDoC mental health categories.
- M. Anani and I. Kahanda, Automated Biomedical Text Classification with Research Domain Criteria. International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Las Vegas, NV, 2018.
Automated Protein Phenotype PredictionThe recently developed human phenotype ontology (HPO), which is very similar to GO, is a standardized vocabulary for describing the phenotype abnormalities associated with human diseases. At present, only a small fraction of human protein coding genes have HPO annotations. But, researchers believe that a large portion of currently unannotated genes are related to disease phenotypes. Therefore, it is important to predict gene-HPO term associations using accurate computational methods. In this project, we introduce PHENOstruct, a computational method that directly predicts the set of HPO terms for a given gene. We compare PHENOstruct with several baseline methods and show that it outperforms them in every respect. Furthermore, we highlight a collection of informative data sources suitable for the problem of predicting gene-HPO associations, including large scale literature mining data.
- M. Pourreza-Shahri and I. Kahanda, Extracting Co-mention Features from Biomedical Literature for Automated Protein Phenotype Prediction using PHENOstruct. International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Las Vegas, NV, 2018.
- I. Kahanda, C. Funk, K. Verspoor, and A. Ben-Hur, PHENOstruct: Prediction of human phenotype ontology terms using heterogeneous data sources. F1000Research, 2015.(link)
Automated Protein Function PredictionProteins are the workhorses of life, and identifying their functions is a very important biological problem. The function of a protein can be loosely defined as everything it performs or happens to it. The Gene Ontology (GO) is a structured vocabulary which captures protein function in a hierarchical manner and contains thousands of terms. Through various wet-lab experiments over the years scientists have been able to annotate a large number of proteins with GO categories which reflect their functionality. However, experimentally determining protein functions is a highly resource-intensive task, and a large fraction of proteins remain un-annotated. Recently a plethora automated methods have emerged and their reasonable success in computationally determining the functions of proteins using a variety of data sources – by sequence/structure similarity or using various biological network data, has led to establishing automated function prediction (AFP) as an important problem in bioinformatics.
In a typical machine learning problem, cross-validation is the protocol of choice for evaluating the accuracy of a classifier. But, due to the process of accumulation of annotations over time, we identify the AFP as a combination of two sub-tasks: making predictions on annotated proteins and making predictions on previously unannotated proteins. In this project, we analyze the performance of several protein function prediction methods in these two scenarios. Our results show that GOstruct, an AFP method that our lab has previously developed, and two other popular methods: binary SVMs and guilt by association, find it hard to achieve the same level of accuracy on these two tasks compared to the performance evaluated through cross-validation, and that predicting novel annotations for previously annotated proteins is a harder problem than predicting annotations for uncharacterized proteins. We develop GOstruct 2.0 by proposing improvements which allows the model to make use of information of a current annotations to better handle the task of predicting novel annotations for previously annotated proteins. Experimental results on yeast and human data show that GOstruct 2.0 outperforms the original GOstruct, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed improvements.
- I. Kahanda and A. Ben-Hur, GOstruct 2.0: Automated Protein Function Prediction for Annotated Proteins, The 8th ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, and Health Informatics (ACM BCB), 2017.
- Y. Jiang, T. Oron, W. Clark, A. Bankapur, D. D’Andrea, R. Lepore, C. Funk, I. Kahanda and others, An expanded evaluation of protein function prediction methods shows an improvement in accuracy. Genome Biology, 2016 (link)
- I. Kahanda, C. Funk, F. Khattak, K. Verspoor, and A. Ben-Hur, A close look at protein function prediction evaluation protocols. GigaScience, Special Issue on protein function, 2015. (link)
- C. Funk, I. Kahanda, A. Ben-Hur, and K. Verspoor, Evaluating a variety of text-mined features for automatic protein function prediction with GOstruct, Journal of biomedical semantics, 2015.(link)